Keep your back straight while lifting the soil and exert any force through the knees and thighs, using arms and shoulders as a secondary force.
Dig a little at a time.
Take a break every 10-20 minutes.
Choose a two-wheeled wheelbarrow with a pram handle
Weeding and planting can be dangerous tasks when the back is bent and stretched too far and for too long
Choose a long-handled hoe – stainless steel for less friction.
Plant from a kneeling position. Use a ‘kneeler seat’ with handles or mats, not a low stool.
Mowing and pruning require the right tools for the job. Beware when using hover mowers. Always work behind them. Never attempt to move them sideways to swinging from the waist with the mower at arm’s length.
Choose the machine to match grass and size of garden
Where possible, choose an electric start mower or an all electric mower.
Mow a little at a time, keeping as upright as possible.
Start up a petrol mower by bracing a foot against the machine for balance and then pull the cord.
Use long-handled shear to trim edges.
When pruning, use secateurs which have cut and hold action.
Get too cold or too hot. This can increase body stress/strain or twist.
Take a huge fork or spadefuls.
Overload wheelbarrows. These can go out of control when emptied and twist the spine
Work too far in front of you. Avoid bending your back
Bend or squat for long periods of time
Bend too far over when starting mowers.
Overstretch or swing lightweight mowers from side to side. This twists the back.
Twist to the side when starting up a petrol mower.